Greece - Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards
Greece’s food laws and regulations follow European Union (EU) rules to the extent that EU food laws have been harmonized. However, in cases in which the EU law may be incomplete or absent, the law of each Member State applies. One main principle of the single market concept is to ensure that all food products, whether produced in the EU or imported from a third country, can move freely throughout the EU if they comply with uniform requirements. In reality, certain directives allow Member States to make exceptions (i.e., in cases where a country can identify unique concerns about a product intended for import). Free movement can only be guaranteed when all aspects are covered by harmonized legislation (e.g., a foodstuff may comply with the general labeling directive but may carry a health claim for which harmonized rules do not yet exist).
Imported products must meet existing Member State requirements in cases where EU regulatory harmonization is not yet complete. Greek authorities implement EU rules (directives and regulations) for food and agriculture through country specific laws and decrees. Current information on EU food import rules as well as general information on EU import duties and quotas can be found on the USEU website at http://useu.usmission.gov/agri/usda.html.
In Greece, food safety is the primary responsibility of the Greek Ministry of Rural Development and Food in cooperation with the National Chemical Laboratory and the Ministry of Public Order. Occasionally, the Greek Ministry for Development and Commerce may play a role.