Mature leaves of kale and collard, and Brussels sprouts were heated by moist air at 40, 45, 50, or 55ºC for durations of 0, 30, 60, or 90 minutes. Heating of kale at 45 ºC for 30 minutes was effective in maintaining better postharvest quality, delaying yellowing, and reducing losses of sugars and organic acids during subsequent storage at 15 ºC. Exposure of collard at 40 ºC for 60 minutes also delayed yellowing and maintained turgidity of the leaves. Other treatments were either less beneficial, not effective, or caused injury.
- Symptoms and signs
- Host crops and plants
- Host parts affected
- Favorable invironmental conditions for the disease
- Disease transmission
- General disease management
- Disease control for conventional growers
- Disease conrol for organic growers
- Disease control for home gardeners
- Useful resources
ALKYLATING EFFICIENCY OF SODIUM AZIDE ON POD YIELD, NUT SIZE AND NUTRITION COMPOSITION OF SAMNUT 10 AND SAMNUT 20 VARIETIES OF GROUNDNUT ( ARACHIS HYPOGEA L.)
Mutation has been utilised to improve growth and yield of many food crops, but only little effort has been made to ascertain the nutritional advantages in such improved crops. The present study evaluates the alkylating efficiency of sodium azide of different concentrations on pod yield, nut size and nutritional composition of two groundnut varieties.
CHANGES IN SOME BIOCHEMICAL QUALITIES DURING DRYING OF PULP PRE-CONDITIONED AND FERMENTED COCOA (THEOBROMA CACAO) BEANS
Fermentation and drying are critical to the development of flavour precursors that generate into distinctive chocolate flavour notes during industrial manufacture. These processes also lead to reduction in acidity and free fatty acids of nibs, which dictates the levels of bitterness and colour development in chocolates. This study investigated changes in nib acidity, flavour precursors (sugars concentration and proteins) and free fatty acids during drying of pulp pre-conditioned and fermented cocoa beans.
China is the world’s third largest producer of raisins behind the United States and Turkey. Post forecasts China’s MY2015/16 raisin production at 190,000 tons, an increase of 5 percent over USDA’s MY2014/15 official estimate. The increase is driven by the greater availability of fresh grapes for raisin production. China’s raisin imports are forecast at 33,500 tons, an increase of 15 percent over MY2014/15, primarily due to the influx of low priced Uzbekistan raisins.
India is the sixth largest grocery market in the world and one of the fastest growing markets for online grocery sales. There are approximately 74 online grocery portals; up from 42 in September 2014. Ecommerce in India is at an early but rapidly growing stage. Companies should consider whether this format creates new marketing opportunities or can supplement retailing for brick-and-mortar retailers to take advantage of the conditions and prospects detailed herein.
The use of nets and vertical structures to support bottle gourd is helping farmers of D.I. Khan, Pakistan harvest better quality fruit, which fetches higher prices in markets.
This book is an effort to present practical, sound, research-based ideas hopefully leading to the improved management of human resources on the farm.