Sustainable certified tea is becoming more popular; production and consumption are on the rise. In 2012, 12% of globally produced tea was certified, either Rainforest Alliance, UTZ Certified, Fairtrade, or organic, or a combination of these schemes. Main sustainability issues are related to worker health and safety, labour rights, soil erosion, water management, pest management and residue control, deforestation and poverty.
Excessive salt rate can adversely influence the physical, chemical, and biological properties of soils, mainly in arid and semi-arid world regions. Therefore, salt-affected soils must be reclaimed to maintain satisfactory fertility levels for increasing food production. Different approaches have been suggested to solve these issues.
Testing of Eight Medicinal Plant Extracts in Combination with Kresoxim-Methyl for Integrated Control of Botrytis cinerea in Apples
Botrytis cinerea is a fungus that causes gray mold on many fruit crops. Despite the availability of a large number of botryticides, the chemical control of gray mold has been hindered by the emergence of resistant strains. In this paper, tests were done to determine the botryticidal efficacy of selected plant extracts alone or combined with kresoxim-methyl.
Data on fresh fruit and vegetable shrink in supermarkets is important to help understand where and how much shrink could potentially be reduced by supermarkets to increase their profitability. This study provides: (1) shrink estimates for 24 fresh fruits and 31 fresh vegetables in U.S. supermarkets in 2011 and 2012; and (2) retail-level food loss.
This study was conducted on the effect of wrapping material and cold storage duration on plum (cv. Shablon) during cold storage at -1°C temperature and 98% relative humidity. Three wrapping materials (news paper + straw, kraft paper and kraft paper + straw) and five cold storage durations (0, 8, 16, 24 and 32-day) were investigated for some quality characteristics of plum including water content, total soluble solids (TSS) and firmness. The experiment was laid out in Factorial Completely Randomized Design (FCRD) with four replications for each one of factors.
Although considered a vegetable by most people, tomatoes are actually the fruit of several plants of the genus Lycopersicon. Tomatoes are one of the leading produce items in the United States in terms of value and volume consumes. Preserving the quality of the fruit from vine to consumer is essential to successful marketing. This fact sheet describes harvesting, handling, storage, and packaging procedures that will help maintain fruit quality. It also discusses the economic aspects of marketing the crop.
Everyone seems to be searching for the ideal plant mix. The criteria are simple: make a mix with good aeration, that doesn’t dry out too quickly, can be used in all cell sizes, contains all the nutrients necessary, can be used for all species of and stores indefinitely. All that is needed is a substrate that is not affected by other forces in the greenhouse; a mix that does not change with cultural practices. Obviously, trying to make the mix totally responsible for air, water and nutrition will be unsuccessful.
The information in this projected budget reflects expected income and costs based on typical production practices in the region. These values should be used as a guide, but individuals are encouraged to use their own values reflecting their specific land productive capabilities and farming system when looking at the potential costs and returns for their operations.
Indian tea preparation involves addition of milk to brewed black tea. It is a well-known fact that individually both tea polyphenols and milk proteins inhibit iron absorption by forming complexes with dietary iron, rendering it insoluble in the gut. However, when present in combination these dietary components could have an ambiguous effect of either increasing the available iron by binding each other or decreasing iron availability by showing additive inhibitory effect. Our objective was to investigate effect of milk addition to tea on iron bioavailability using in vitro digestion method.
This study was initiated with the objective of assessing the existing market structure, conduct and Performance of forest coffee; examine its cost and profitability and point out determinants of its Supply and problems in their market chain. Structure-Conduct-performance model and regression analysis were used to analyze the data. The result of the investigation of the market structure indicated that producers, assemblers and wholesalers are the major actors involved in the market chain of coffee.