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Is Indian tea (chai) detrimental to dietary iron absorption?

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Indian tea preparation involves addition of milk to brewed black tea. It is a well-known fact that individually both tea polyphenols and milk proteins inhibit iron absorption by forming complexes with dietary iron, rendering it insoluble in the gut. However, when present in combination these dietary components could have an ambiguous effect of either increasing the available iron by binding each other or decreasing iron availability by showing additive inhibitory effect. Our objective was to investigate effect of milk addition to tea on iron bioavailability using in vitro digestion method.

Authors: 
S. Gaur
Authors: 
D. Miller
Publisher: 
International Food Research Journal
Year: 
2,015

Analysis of Market Chains of Forest Coffee in Southwest Ethiopia

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This study was initiated with the objective of assessing the existing market structure, conduct and Performance of forest coffee; examine its cost and profitability and point out determinants of its Supply and problems in their market chain. Structure-Conduct-performance model and regression analysis were used to analyze the data. The result of the investigation of the market structure indicated that producers, assemblers and wholesalers are the major actors involved in the market chain of coffee.

Authors: 
Zekarias Shumeta
Authors: 
Kaba Urgessa
Authors: 
Zerihun Kebebew
Publisher: 
Academic Journal of Plant Sciences
Year: 
2,012

Effect of Different Tillage Methods on Crop Yield and Yield Components of Watermelon

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A two year field experiment was conducted to investigate the response of crop yield and yield components of watermelon to different tillage methods in the arid lands of Iran. Tillage treatments in the study were moldboard plow + two passes of disk harrow as conventional tillage (CT), two passes of disk harrow as reduced tillage (RT), one pass of disk harrow as minimum tillage (MT) and no-tillage (NT) as direct drilling method.

Authors: 
Fereydoun Keshavarzpour
Publisher: 
Academic Journal of Plant Sciences
Year: 
2,013

Location

Design of Room Cooling Facilities: Structural & Energy Requirements

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Although cooling increases production cost, it is essential to maintaining high product quality. No amount of cooling, however, will improve poor-quality produce. If you wish to have high-quality produce after cooling and storage, you must start with high-quality produce. Maintaining quality requires harvesting the crop at the correct stage of maturity; handling it with tender, loving care; and quickly cooling it to the proper storage temperature.

Authors: 
M. D. Boyette
Authors: 
L. G. Wilson
Authors: 
E. A. Estes
Publisher: 
North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service

Blackberry Pruning Diagram

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This graphic will guide growers as they prune blackberry or raspberry plants. It’s a simple, four-step diagram that is easy to follow and reinforces the instructions with images. Growers might consider printing this PDF and posting in appropriate areas of the operation for reference while pruning the plants.

Authors: 
Gina E. Fernandez
Publisher: 
NC State University

Types of Trellises

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Visual examples of the different types of trellises used to grow blackberries and raspberries. Includes dimensions and pictures of each type.

Growers use many trellis support systems to support bramble canes. Your trellising goal is to minimize labor and maximize yield. Each trellis type has its advantages and disadvantages, and most can be modified to suit your needs. Evaluate each trellis system to determine what type best suits your needs.

Authors: 
NC State University
Publisher: 
NC State University

Managing the almond and stone fruit replant disease complex with less soil fumigant

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Authors: 
Greg T. Browne
Authors: 
Bruce D. Lampinen
Authors: 
Brent A. Holtz
Authors: 
David A. Doll
Authors: 
Shrinivasa K. Upadhyaya
Authors: 
Leigh S. Schmidt
Authors: 
Ravindra G. Bhat
Authors: 
Vasu Udompetaikul
Authors: 
Robert W. Coates
Authors: 
Bradley D. Hanson
Authors: 
Karen M. Klonsky
Authors: 
Suduan Gao
Authors: 
Dong Wang
Authors: 
Matt Gillis
Authors: 
James S. Gerik
Authors: 
R. Scott Johnson
Publisher: 
California Agriculture
Year: 
2,013

CODEX Guidelines on Nutrition Labelling

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Purpose of the Guidelines

To ensure that nutrition labelling is effective:

  • in providing the consumer with information about a food so that a wise choice of food can be made;
  • in providing a means for conveying information of the nutrient content of a food on the label;
  • in encouraging the use of sound nutrition principles in the formulation of foods which would benefit public health;
  • in providing the opportunity to include supplementary nutrition information on the label.

 

Authors: 
FAO/WHO
Publisher: 
FAO/WHO
Year: 
2,013

Rootstocks for Kentucky Fruit Trees

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Authors: 
Dwight E. Wolfe
Authors: 
John G. Strang
Authors: 
Shawn Wright
Publisher: 
University of Kentucky
Year: 
2,011

2015 Midwest Tree Fruit Spray Guide

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Authors: 
University of Arkansas
Authors: 
University of Illinois Extension
Authors: 
Purdue Extension
Authors: 
Iowa State University Extension and Outreach
Authors: 
Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment
Authors: 
University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service
Authors: 
University of Missouri and Missouri State University
Authors: 
Ohio State University Extension
Authors: 
University of Wisconsin Cooperative Extension Service
Publisher: 
Midwest Fruit Workers Group
Year: 
2,015
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