Plant Catalog

Plant Catalog Index

Catálogo Plantas

Botánica sistemática y morfología de la planta de batata o camote

El estudio de este boletín sobre batata o camote le permite:

  • Conocer la clasificación taxonómica de la planta
  • Describir la morfología de cada órgano de la planta

La batata es una planta que probablemente se originó en el noroeste de Suramérica. Los nombres comunes para esta planta es Latinoamérica son camote, boniato, batata douce, apichu y kumara.

Zósimo Huamán
International Potato Center CIP
Plant Catalog
Caracterización Variedades de Zapote (Pauteria sapota)

El Centro Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria y Forestal (CENTA) cuenta con colecciones de frutales tropicales entre ellos el zapote. De éste se tienen las variedades Magaña, Rivera y Valiente, los cuales fueron colectados en los departamentos de Ahuachapán y San Salvador, y se han establecido en la Estación Experimental de San Andrés, departamento de La Libertad.
En 1995, se inició la caracterización botánica de las tres variedades antes mencionados, con el propósito de documentar y diferenciar cada uno de ellos. En 1999, se finaliza con la caracterización bromatológica y organoléptica de los frutos.
Con la caracterización se ha obtenido información sobre caracteres cualitativos y cuantitativos de fruto, semilla y hoja. La caracterización bromatológica determinó el contenido nutricional de la pulpa, y la organoléptica permite la utilización de la fruta en la agroindustria.

Eduardo Cruz Pineda
CENTA, El Salvador
Plant Catalog
Tropical almond (Terminalia catappa)

Tropical almond (Terminalia catappa) is a large, spreading tree now distributed throughout the tropics in coastal environments. The tree is tolerant of strong winds, salt spray, and moderately high salinity in the root zone. It grows principally in freely drained, well aerated, sandy soils.
The species has traditionally been very important for coastal communities, providing a wide range of non-wood products and services. It has a spreading, fibrous root system and plays a vital role in coastline stabilization. It is widely planted throughout the tropics, especially along sandy seashores, for shade, ornamental purposes, and edible nuts. The timber makes a useful and decorative general-purpose hardwood and is well suited for conversion into furniture and interior building timbers. Fruits are produced from about 3 years of age, and the nutritious, tasty seed kernels may be eaten immediately after extraction.
Tropical almond is easily propagated from seed, and is fast growing and flourishes with minimal maintenance in suitable environments. Selected cultivars of the species warrant wider commercial planting for joint production of timber and nuts. The tree has a demonstrated potential to naturalize in coastal plant communities, but not to adversely dominate such communities.
The productivity and marketing of cultivars with large and/ or soft-shelled nuts needs to be assessed. There is also a need for experimental work to develop vegetative propagation techniques and more efficient techniques for processing fully mature fruits including drying, storage, and cracking of nuts.

Lex A. J. Thomson
Barry Evans
The Traditional Tree Initiative
Plant Catalog

Libro sobre la guanábana cubriendo los siguientes tópicos:

  • Caracterización de cultivares de guanábana
  • Aspectos ecofisiológicos del cultivo de la guanábana
  • Requerimientos hídricos
  • Requerimientos nutricionales
  • Inductores de floración
Diego Miranda Lasprilla
Consuelo Arce González
Luis Eduardo Gómez
Diana Maritza Basto
José Arboney Guzmán
Álvaro Bravo Muñoz
Eduardo Barragán Q.
José Dairo Barreto
Antonio María Caicedo
Ramiro Lozano Céspedes
Jesús Valderrama
Pedro Pablo Herrera
Ramón Elías García
Luis Fernelly Sánchez
Zulma Yanneth Muñoz
Sandra Catalina Agudelo
Cadenas del Sector Hortofrutícola de Córdoba
Plant Catalog
Systematic botany and morphology of the sweetpotato plant



The sweetpotato is a plant that was probably originated in or near northwestern South America. The most common names for this plant in Latin America are batata, camote, boniato, batata doce, apichu, and kumara.

The cultivated species I. batatas includes plants that are very variable in their morphology. Thousands of cultivars have been selected and cultivated in Latin America since ancient times. At the present time, it is cultivated throughout the tropics. However, the largest plantings of sweetpotatoes are found in China and other countries of Asia.

Zósimo Huamán
International Potato Center (CIP)
Plant Catalog
Indian Jujube

The Indian jujube is native from the Province of Yunnan in southern China to Afghanistan, Malaysia and Queensland, Australia. It is cultivated to some extent throughout its natural range but mostly in India where it is grown commercially and has received much horticultural attention and refinement despite the fact that it frequently escapes and becomes a pest. It was introduced into Guam about 1850 but is not often planted there or in Hawaii except as an ornamental. Specimens are scattered about the drier parts of the West Indies, the Bahamas, Colombia and Venezuela, Guatemala, Belize, and southern Florida. In Barbados, Jamaica and Puerto Rico the tree is naturalized and forms thickets in uncultivated areas. In 1939, 6 trees from Malaysia were introduced into Israel and flourished there. They bore very light crops of fruit heavily infested with fruit flies and were therefore destroyed to protect other fruit trees.

Julia F. Morton
Fruits of warm climates
Plant Catalog
Caracterización de cultivares de zapote (Pouteria sapota)

La caracterización del germoplasma representa una actividad importante para las colecciones de frutales que se conservan ex situ. La conservación del germoplasma no debe limitarse a su mantenimiento en campo, sino, que debe utilizarse con fines de investigación, enseñanza y promoción. Con la caracterización se extrae una serie de características cuantitativas y cualitativas, que permiten la selección de materiales y posterior utilización en programas de investigación o de otra naturaleza. El Centro Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria y Forestal (CENTA), cuenta con colecciones de frutales tropicales entre ellos el zapote; contándose con los siguientes cultivares: ‘Magaña’, ‘Rivera’ y ‘Valiente’. Estos cultivares fueron colectados en los departamentos de Ahuachapan y San Salvador; estableciéndose, en la estación experimental de San Andrés, departamento de La Libertad Con la caracterización se ha obtenido información sobre caracteres cualitativos y cuantitativos de fruto, semilla y de hoja. La caracterización bromatológica determinó el contenido nutricional de la pulpa, y la organoléptica permite la utilización de la fruta en la agroindustria.

CENTA, El Salvador
Plant Catalog
Almond varieties

There are approximately 30 almond varieties produced in California orchards. Ten varieties represent over 70% of production. Varieties are grouped into broad classifications for marketing purposes based on distinguishing characteristics such as size, shape, and “blanchability.” The majority of almond production in California falls into the following three major classifications: Nonpareil, California, and Mission. Some varieties may fall under more than one classification because they have characteristics of one type (such as Mission) but are also blanchable (a characteristic of the California classification). All California Almonds are developed using traditional methods; genetically modified almond varieties are not planted or available in California.

Almond Board of California
Almond Board of California
Plant Catalog
Black walnut

Black walnut (Juglans nigra) is also known as American walnut. The tree is one of the most sought after of the native hardwoods. The tree grows in small natural groves. They are frequently found in mixed forests. They thrive well on moist alluvial soils. The tree has been heavily logged for its fine straight-grained wood that was used to make furniture and gunstocks. With the decreasing resource, the wood is used primarely for veneer. The nuts from black walnuts have been for food and medicine for a long time. The bark of the tree and shell of the nuts are also used for many purposes.

Tom Hammett
Virginia Tech
Plant Catalog
Jaboticaba (Myrciaria cauliflora)

The jaboticaba is native to the coastal forests and hilly regions of southern Brazil. It is also present in adjacent countries of Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, and northern Argentina. Under native conditions, jaboticaba is frequently inundated for several weeks without serious damage, so it is considered watertolerant. The tree is well adapted for growth in South Florida and produces profusely and repeatedly at maturity. Despite its tremendous potential as a dooryard crop, it is rarely seen in Florida gardens.

Stephen H. Brown
Bronwyn Mason
University of Florida IFAS Extension
Plant Catalog