Canada - Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards

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Since April 1997, all federally mandated food inspection and quarantine services for domestic and imported foods were consolidated into the CFIA. As a result, food inspection and quarantine services previously provided by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Health Canada, Industry Canada and the Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada are integrated under the CFIA. The responsibility of food safety policy and risk assessment remains with Health Canada. The following are brief descriptions of Canadian legislation that applies to imports. Readers should note that while the official Acts are the enabling legislation, it is the associated regulations that contain detailed requirements pertaining to imports. Full texts of Canada's Laws are available at
Canada Agricultural Products (CAP) Act and Associated Regulations
The CAP Act and associated regulations are designed to set national standards and grades for agricultural products and to regulate the marketing of agricultural products in import, export, and interprovincial trade. They provide for the licensing of dealers in agricultural products; the inspection, grading, labeling, and packaging (including standardized sizes) of regulated products. The following regulations fall under the CAP Act:

  • Dairy Products Regulations
  • Egg Regulations
  • Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations
  • Honey Regulations
  • Licensing and Arbitration Regulations
  • Maple Products Regulations
  • Processed Egg Regulations
  • Processed Products Regulations
  • Livestock & Poultry Carcass Grading Regulations
  • Organic Product Regulations
Darlene Dessureault
Robin Gray
Mihai Lupescu