CBI Product Factsheet: Fresh Pomegranates in Europe
The European Union (EU) is a net importer of fresh pomegranates. In 2014, 42 thousand tonnes of pomegranates (imports minus exports) were added to the apparent consumption of pomegranates in the EU, in addition to the volume produced locally. Pomegranates are a luxury fruit that sells well in a higher segment. The demand for more exotic and healthy fruit can help increase profitability for exporters from developing countries.
The pomegranate (Punica grantum) is a tree (about 5–8 metres in height) that bears fruit with a diameter of around 10 cm. The skin of the fruit is reddish and thick. The edible part consists of the hundreds to thousands of small seeds inside the fruit. The pomegranate is cultivated in large parts of the world, including Latin America, Southern Europe, Asia and Africa. In the northern hemisphere, pomegranates are typically in season from September through February, while in the southern hemisphere, they are in season from March through May. The pomegranate has more than 500 named cultivars, many of which are widely available on the European market. Cultivars that are produced in the EU (Spain) include ‘Mollar de Elche’, ‘Mollar Valenciana’, and ‘Wonderful’. The pomegranate is known in German as Granattapfel, in Spanish as granada, in French as grenade and in Dutch as granaatappel.