Efficacy of Some Botanicals in Controlling Fruit Borer (Heliothis armigera) in Tomato
The experiment was conducted to evaluation of some botanical pest management practices such as neem oil, neem leaf extract, garlic extract and marsh pepper extract against Fruit borer in tomato during the period from November 2007 to April 2008. The results revealed that applying of neem oil @ 3.0 m/l of water at three days interval showed better performance in respect to control of Fruit borer in Tomato than the other treatments. The highest number of total fruit per plant (33.20), number of healthy fruit per plant (32.44) as well as the lowest number of infested fruit (0.17) was obtained when the crop was treated with neem oil @ 3.0 m/l of water at three days interval. The highest yield (66.80 tones) was recorded when the crop was treated with neem oil @ 3.0 m/l of water at three days interval. The controlling of tomato fruit borer were highest against the effectiveness of neem oil @ 3.0 m/l of water at three days interval in different stage of plant growth but other treatments with neem leaf extract, garlic extract were less effective in controlling the pests. The poor performance was found in neem oil and marsh pepper while these treatments have large interval. The other treatments like neem leaf extract and garlic extract also showed better performance in relation to all concern parameters comparing with neem oil and marsh pepper.