Introduction of Parasitoids of Hypothenemus hampei (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) on Small Coffee Plantations in Colombia Through Farmer Participatory Methods Development
During 2003 and 2004, the National Coffee Research Center, in Colombia (Cenicafé) included this methods development project as a component of the project, ‘Integrated Pest Management of the Coffee Berry Borer through Participatory Research with Small Coffee Growers’. This was done in order to establish and increase the adoption of integrated pest management of the coffee berry borer (CBB), Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari). Participatory research and methods development is a strategy to involve farmers in site decision making and documentation in order to improve their acceptance of new pest management practices (Bentley et al. 2002). The CBB is considered one of the most serious insect pests in almost all coffee producing countries (Vega et al. 2009). CBB damages developing coffee berries, and thereby reduces yield, quality, and the price of coffee (Baker, 1999). In September 2010, the Hawaii Department of Agriculture reported CBB present in Hawaii, Kona region (HDOA 2010).