Life Cycle Analysis and Carbon Footprinting with respect to Sustainability in the Agri-food sector
Environmental concerns are driving business and policy changes in both Europe and in many parts of the world (Stern, 2006). Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the principal environmental issue of concern because of its effects on changing climates for growing food globally. It is increasingly accepted that the change in climate over the last 100 years is due to an increase in atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases and that anthropogenic sources are playing a major role in these increases. Implications for agricultural systems in most growing regions of the world are substantial.
Businesses are starting to take responsibility for measuring and reducing the potential global warming impact of their activities. This requires an understanding of the life cycle greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) involved in the manufacture of a product or from a business (PAS 2050, 2008; Wiltshire et al., 2008). This understanding can help a business to set strategies for decreasing emissions of greenhouse gases, which usually leads to decreased costs.