Nutritional and Therapeutic Perspectives of Flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum): A Review
Flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum) is an oilseed that used in industrial and natural health products. It is used as a food material, animal feed and for decoration purposes. After harvesting, the seeds are often used as animal feed, ground up for fertilizer or even discarded in spite of having very nutritious and best quality oil and the rich source of protein. Flaxseed is rich in nutrients such as proteins, omega 3 fatty acids and especially alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), minerals, fibres and antioxidants. Omega-3 fatty acid has been associated with many physiological functions in the human body. Flaxseed is a great source of dietary fibre which is beneficial for controlling diabetes mellitus and digestive system with higher benefits of polyunsaturated fatty acids, phenolic compounds, gluten-free protein, vitamin, minerals. Therapeutic effects of flaxseed in the control of diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidaemia, also, as anti-inflammatory, laxative, antioxidant, antianxiety, anti-blood clotting, antidepressant, vision, analgesic and immune improver are scientifically established.