Organic Fruits and Vegetables from the Tropics

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Market, Certification and Production Information for Producers and International Trading Companies

For some people organic agriculture is “farming without chemical fertilizers and pesticides”. This is short and concise, but misses important characteristics. Organic agriculture follows the logic of a living organism in which all elements (soil, plants, farm animals, insects, the farmer etc.) are closely linked with one other. Organic farming therefore must be based on a thorough understanding and clever management of these interactions and processes.

The US Department of Agriculture has framed the following definition: “Organic farming is a production system that avoids or largely excludes the use of synthetically compounded fertilizers, pesticides, growth regulators and livestock feed additives. To the maximum extent feasible, organic farming systems rely on crop rotations, crop residues, animal manures, legumes, green manures, off-farm organic wastes, and aspects of biological pest control to maintain soil productivity and tilt, to support plant nutrients and to control insects, weeds and other pests.”

Authors: 
UNCTAD
Publisher: 
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
Year: 
2003