Peanut Pest Management Scout Manual
Scouting is a tool that peanut producers have used since 1975 to make appropriate treatment decisions about pests. Scouting is only one part of an overall management program called Integrated Pest Management (IPM). The goal of IPM is to apply the most up-to-date technology to keep pest populations below economic levels so that growers can produce a quality crop more profitably with minimal effects on the environment.
Scouting is a fundamental part of IPM. It involves correctly identifying the pest, determining the pest population level, and evaluating the amount of damage to the crop. Then treatment decisions can be based on established thresholds for a particular pest or on the level of damage caused to the crop plants.
IPM includes many other techniques for managing pests, including crop rotation, use of resistant varieties, proper use of tillage, fertility management, conservation of beneficial insects, biological control materials, irrigation management, and use of pheromone traps to monitor adult insect populations. Blending or integrating any or all of these techniques into a program for each farm is the goal of peanut IPM in Alabama.
This manual was developed to assist growers, scouts, agri-fieldmen, and Extension agents in putting current IPM technology into practice on a field-by-field basis. Public concern over residues in food and water makes the adoption of IPM even more important. The adoption of recommended IPM practices by peanut growers will also help them to manage pests more economically and efficiently.