Peas - 2010 Ohio Vegetable Production Guide
Peas thrive in cool weather and tolerate freezes. Peas germinate in soil temperatures as low as 50°F and can be planted as soon as the soil is tillable in the spring. However, excessive cold, wet soil will result in rotting seed. Use treated seed to overcome seed decay problems.
Well-drained soils help to avoid common root disease problems. Several root-rot organisms attack the main roots and feeder roots. Rotation is a desirable practice in growing peas to help reduce diseases.
Higher plant populations (87,000-175,000 plants/A) should be considered by the fresh-market grower because of enhanced economic return per acre. The closer row spacing does not allow for easy walking in the field for harvest, but there is no reduction in harvesting efficiency.