Perception of Farmers Toward Physical Soil and Water Conservation Structures in Wyebla Watershed, Northwest Ethiopia
The study was carried out in the Wyebla watershed, Northwestern Ethiopia. Similar to the other highland areas in the country Wyebla watershed is characterized by severe soil erosion and acute water scarcity problems. Hence, the objective of the current research was to assess the perception of farmers towards physical soil and water conservation (SWC) structures and current community mobilization in the study area. A total of 106 households were interviewed and Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) techniques were employed to collect data. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20. Majority of sampled farmers (84.9%) were aware about the problem of soil erosion on their farmland. All interviewed farmers perceived soil erosion as a problem constraint for crop production and that soil erosion can be controlled with proper SWC measures. But there are problems to implement and adopt SWC measures in the Wyebla watershed these are; served as a shelter for pests and rates, difficult to tillage, need much labor, need incentives to implement, difficult to implement and reduce farm size. In addition to the above problems the past trends and ways of farmers’ participation on SWC practices are important reasons for the failure of sustainability. However, awareness creation, capacity building and motivating real community participation at planning, implementation and maintenance phases are the critical areas required in depth to insure its sustainability.