Peru: An Emerging Exporter of Fruits and Vegetables
Over the past two decades, Peru has emerged as a significant fruit and vegetable exporter. The United States is one of its most important markets. This rise in exports was driven by advantages in climate, low production costs, and preferential trading arrangements with major countries. But because many of the same products exported by Peru are grown in the United States, increased Peruvian exports will continue to affect U.S. growers as well as consumers. In this report, we highlight the success stories of three commodities—asparagus, processed artichokes, and table grapes—that represent different impacts on U.S. growers. Despite Peru’s success in developing a fruit and vegetable export industry, challenges remain. In order to continue on its current export trajectory, the country must confront a number of constraints, including water access, land rights, and underdeveloped export infrastructure.