Proximate Composition and Seed Lipid Components of “Kabuli”-Type Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) from Argentina
Chickpea is an important pulse crop with a wide range of potential nutritional benefits because of its chemical composition. The purpose of the cur- rent work was to provide the chemical composi- tion of “kabuli”-type chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) developed in Argentina for nutritional pur- pose. Protein, oil and ash contents, fatty acid, tocopherol and mineral element compositions were studied. Among the studied genotypes, protein content ranged from 18.46 to 24.46 g/100g, oil content ranged from 5.68 to 9.01 g/100g and ash from 3.55 to 4.46 g/100g. Linoleic, oleic and palmitic acids were the most abundant fatty ac- ids. The average oleic-to-linoleic ratio was 0.62 and average iodine value was 117.82. Tocopherols, well-established natural antioxidants, were found in chickpea seeds in relatively similar amounts across all genotypes. Mineral element analysis showed that chickpea was rich in macronutrients such as K, P, Mg and Ca. The nutritional composition of chickpea genotypes developed and grown in Argentina provides useful information for breeding programs, food marketing and consumers and establishes chickpea as component of a balanced human diet.