Thailand - Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards
Food safety is purview of the Ministry of Public Health through the Food Act of B.E. 2522 (1979). The food Act gives MOPH’s FDA the authority to license, inspect, recall and establish safety and quality standards for food products. Thailand usually follows Codex standards for food additives and MRLs for pesticides and veterinary drugs.
Animal health is responsibility of the Department of Livestock Development (DLD) of Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (MOAC) through the Animal Epidemic Act B.E. 2499 (1956) and the Animal Epidemic Act (No. 2) B.E. 2542 (1999). To protect animal health, the DLD is responsible to monitor imports of meat and meat products, monitor slaughterhouses and field operations. Although Thailand concurred to comply with the OIE guidelines on animal health requirements under WTO SPS Agreement, Thailand’s import requirements in many instances exceed the requirements established under OIE standards.
Plant health is responsibility of the MOAC through the Plant Quarantine Acts B.E. 2507 (1964) which was later revised in 2008 and the Hazardous Substance Act B.E. 2538(1995) which was revised in 2008. The Plant Quarantine Act mainly monitors importation of all kinds of plants and seeds through import permit and pest risk analysis (PRA) requirement, while the Hazardous Substance Act monitors and controls the manufacturing, import/export and storage of agricultural chemicals through product registration and import/export permit requirement. Thailand follows IPPC guidelines and standards.