Vanilla Post-harvest Operations

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Vanilla (Vanilla planifolia A.) is a major natural flavor widely used in many industries as food, beverages, sodas, pharmaceutics, cosmetics tobacco and traditional crafts. Vanilla beans originated in Mexico, and in some Central American countries as Costa Rica and Honduras. However, today vanilla beans are cultivated in many areas of the world and the main producing countries are Madagascar, Indonesia, China, Comores and in a lesser extent Tonga, Reunion, Turkey and Guadeloupe. In México, the main producing area is located in the Totonacapan, located in the northern part of the state of Veracruz. In recent years the Mexican states of Oaxaca and Puebla have joined Veracruz for production and processing of vanilla beans (Musalem, 2002).
Contents
1. Introduction
   1.1 Economic and social impact of the vanilla crop
   1.2 World trade
   1.3 Primary product
   1.4 Alternative products from vanilla
   1.5 Requirements for export and quality assurance
   1.7 Varieties and commercial cultivars
2. Harvesting and Post-production operations
   2.1 Harvesting
   2.2 Yield
   2.3 Packing
   2.4 Packinghouse operations
   2.5 Pre-treatments
3. Pest species and pest control and decay

Authors: 
Javier De La Cruz Medina
Authors: 
Guadalupe C. Rodriguez Jiménes
Authors: 
Hugo S. García
Authors: 
Thelma Lucía Rosado Zarrabal
Authors: 
Miguel Ángel García Alvarado
Authors: 
Víctor José Robles Olvera
Publisher: 
FAO
Year: 
2009