A primary objective of training and pruning is to develop a strong tree framework that will support fruit production. Improperly trained fruit trees generally have very upright branch angles, which result in serious limb breakage under a heavy fruit load. This significantly reduces the tree’s productivity and may greatly reduce its life. Another goal of annual training and pruning is to remove dead, diseased, or broken limbs.
Turkey continues to be one of the world’s major producers of fresh fruit and vegetables. Stone fruit accounts for 14 percent of fruit production in Turkey, the third most significant after deciduous and citrus fruits. Most stone fruit is consumed fresh in the domestic market.
The fruit skin (cuticle and epidermis) provides barrier protection against infection by pathogens. Most fungi are unable to penetrate healthy fruit skin and must enter through wounds. Fruit resistance to infection resulting from the biochemical action of tissues is not the result of a single compound or a single mechanism. Multiple systems with complex interactions may be involved in decay resistance.
Total cherry production for MY2013 is forecast at 12,000 MT, up 9 percent on the revised estimate of 11,000 MT for MY2012. Favorable weather conditions in the lead-up to, and during, the MY2013 crop harvest are expected to support higher production. The production estimate for MY2012 was revised downward (500 MT) due to untimely rains in New South Wales which led to some crop damages and cracking of the fruit.