Precipitation in Pennsylvania averages about 37 inches each year. About 13 inches of this precipitation runs off land into streams, while 24 inches infiltrates into the soil, where it can be used by crops. The 24 inches of precipitation usually is sufficient for growing many agronomic and some horticultural crops. However, irrigation often is necessary because of the uneven distribution of precipitation throughout the year, especially during critical growth periods.
Provides current intelligence and forecasts the effects of changing conditions in the U.S. fruit and tree nuts sector. Topics include production, consumption, shipments, prices received, and more.
Pest management recommendations provide up-to-date information on pesticides and their applicability to your problem. We suggest that you use this information to set up your own spray program. You should include space for records in the program, such as materials used; date of application; stage of growth; and weather. In case of questions, nothing beats a good set of records, and records are required for restricted-use pesticides.
Efficacy and timing of fungicides, bactericides, and biological for deciduous tree fruit, nut, strawberry and vine crops
This guide lists fungicides and bactericides by crop, its efficacy, treatment timing and suggested disease management programs. It also includes properties of registered and experimental fungicides as well as properties for antibiotics, biologicals, oils. Updated information about maximum residue limits (tolerances) of pesticides on agricultural food commodities.
Fruits and vegetables begin to deteriorate after they are harvested and separated from their growing environment. The rate of deterioration defines how long they will be acceptable for consumption. This is known as “shelf life.” To preserve the quality of fruits and vegetables and maximize profits for growers, it is critical to control the temperature of fresh produce and minimize the amount of time that products are exposed to detrimental temperatures.