El tiempo requerido para la capacitación puede reducirse drásticamente con una cuidadosa selección del personal. Pero aun en este caso, los supervisores agrícolas pueden tener que actuar como entrenadores. La mayoría de los trabajadores prefieren un trabajo que les permita ampliar sus conocimientos y experiencia.
After employee selection, performance appraisal is arguably the most important management tool a farm employer has at her disposal. The performance appraisal, when properly carried out, can help to fine tune and reward the performance of present employees. In this chapter we (1) discuss the purpose for the performance appraisal, (2) introduce the negotiated performance appraisal approach, and (3) talk about the steps to achieving a worthwhile traditional performance appraisal.
Hiring the right people can substantially reduce the total amount of required training time. Even so, farm supervisors are often likely to find themselves training, mentoring and coaching employees. Some of these tasks may be delegated to a third party. Most workers enjoy a job where they can continually expand their technical and interpersonal skills.
A promotion is a move up the organizational ladder; job rotation and transfersare lateral moves; demotions are downward moves; and layoffs move employees out. Layoffs, in contrast to dismissals (see Chapter 14), are terminations, sometimes temporary, required for business needs unrelated to worker behavior or performance. All of these changes bring about shifts in status, and often in pay, of the employees involved.
Validity is a measure of the effectiveness of a given approach. A selection process is valid if it helps you increase the chances of hiring the right person for the job. It is possible to evaluate hiring decisions in terms of such valued outcomes as high picking speed, low absenteeism, or a good safety record. A selection process is not valid on its own, but rather, relative to a specific purpose. For example, a test that effectively predicts the work quality of strawberry pickers may be useless in the selection of a capable crew foreman.
Cualquier tipo de control sobre la producción que establezca en su predio agrícola, lo obtiene principalmente de los recursos humanos con que cuente. Cómo estas personas sean seleccionadas y motivadas afectan sus ganancias en forma directa. Las destrezas necesarias para la administración de recursos humanos requieren tres elementos principales: 1) interés en la producción y en los trabajadores; 2) conocimiento de la administración laboral y 3) acción intencionada.
While keeping within the law, who an employer hires is pretty much her determination--but one that ought not be taken casually. Hiring the right person for the job may be the most critical management decision you will make. Consider the farm manager who lost $80,000 in alfalfa. He had trusted an employee who claimed to know how to bale. Or, the thousands of dollars lost by a hog producer in only three months as a result of hiring the wrong person.