Fruits and vegetables begin to deteriorate after they are harvested and separated from their growing environment. The rate of deterioration defines how long they will be acceptable for consumption. This is known as “shelf life.” To preserve the quality of fruits and vegetables and maximize profits for growers, it is critical to control the temperature of fresh produce and minimize the amount of time that products are exposed to detrimental temperatures.
The farm value of all mushroom (Agaricus and others) sales during the 2010/11 crop year (July-June) reached a new high of $1 billion, up 8 percent from a year earlier. Partly reflecting modest gains in the economy, mushroom sales volume rose 9 percent to 862 million pounds, the second highest level on record. In line with higher output, per capita disappearance (use) of all mushrooms grew 8 percent to 3.82 pounds in 2010/11.
Este manual de producción es una guía de las recomendaciones para lograr buenos rendimientos en la producción comercial de berenjena. El resultado final realmente depende del esfuerzo realizado en producir bien el cultivo.
Market gardeners try to schedule their planting so they can offer customers a continuous supply of fresh flowers, herbs, and vegetables throughout the growing season. This publication helps growers plan planting times and succession planting, by providing soil temperature germination ranges and other information of assistance to market gardeners.
Las enfermedades que afectan a los frutales son causadas por microorganismos como son los hongos, bacterias, virus, nematodos y fitoplasmas.
Enfermedades producidas por bacterias:
Vegetable transplants are affected by many factors, but the most important are water, temperature, fertilization, sunlight, cell size, and length of stay in the house. These factors must be managed to produce a product that is acceptable to the customer.
In 2010, per capita disappearance (net domestic use) of all vegetables, melons, potatoes, sweet potatoes, pulse crops, and mushrooms rose slightly to 420 pounds. Increased domestic disappearance of fresh-market vegetables and melons, dry edible beans, and sweet potatoes outweighed reduced use of processing vegetables and potatoes. Record high watermelon supply and disappearance led to a 1-percent gain in per capita melon use.