According to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) August 28 Vegetables report, the 2014 contract production of the four major processing vegetables (tomatoes, sweet corn, snap beans, and green peas) is projected to total 18.2 million short tons, up 14 percent from last year.
Complementary production manual for asian vegetables including flat cabbage, chinese broccoli, chinese cabbage, chinese mustard, kohlrabi, oriental radish, bittermelon, chayote, fuzzy melon, long gourd, angled luffa, smooth luffa, and snake gourd.
Includes the following information:
- Seeding and Planting Information
- Trellising Requirements
Production of the 2012 asparagus crop is forecast at 759,000 cwt, down 10 percent from 2011. Area harvested, at 25,300 acres, is down 7 percent from last year. Fresh production, at 626,000 cwt, is down 7 percent from 2011. Processed production, at 6,650 tons, is down 22 percent from last year.
Precipitation in Pennsylvania averages about 37 inches each year. About 13 inches of this precipitation runs off land into streams, while 24 inches infiltrates into the soil, where it can be used by crops. The 24 inches of precipitation usually is sufficient for growing many agronomic and some horticultural crops. However, irrigation often is necessary because of the uneven distribution of precipitation throughout the year, especially during critical growth periods.
Fruits and vegetables begin to deteriorate after they are harvested and separated from their growing environment. The rate of deterioration defines how long they will be acceptable for consumption. This is known as “shelf life.” To preserve the quality of fruits and vegetables and maximize profits for growers, it is critical to control the temperature of fresh produce and minimize the amount of time that products are exposed to detrimental temperatures.
Many different insects attack leguminous vegetables. Aphids damage terminals, whiteflies feed on sap and transmit bean golden mosaic virus, and caterpillars, like bean leafroller, and beetles feed on leaves. Flower thrips feed in blossoms and stink bugs, corn earworm, and leaffooted bugs damage seeds and pods.
The farm value of all mushroom (Agaricus and others) sales during the 2010/11 crop year (July-June) reached a new high of $1 billion, up 8 percent from a year earlier. Partly reflecting modest gains in the economy, mushroom sales volume rose 9 percent to 862 million pounds, the second highest level on record. In line with higher output, per capita disappearance (use) of all mushrooms grew 8 percent to 3.82 pounds in 2010/11.