Fruits and vegetables begin to deteriorate after they are harvested and separated from their growing environment. The rate of deterioration defines how long they will be acceptable for consumption. This is known as “shelf life.” To preserve the quality of fruits and vegetables and maximize profits for growers, it is critical to control the temperature of fresh produce and minimize the amount of time that products are exposed to detrimental temperatures.
El Uso del Ácido Salicílico y Fosfonatos (Fosfitos) para Activar el Sistema de Resistencia de la Planta (SAR)
Tomatoes are difficult to grow during the hot-wet season. Flooding, waterlogged soils, diseases, and high temperatures can significantly reduce yields.
Grafting tomato scions onto selected rootstocks of eggplant and tomato can minimize problems caused by flooding and soil-borne diseases. Sometimes the use of grafted tomato plants can be the difference between harvesting a good crop and harvesting no crop at all.
Pruning and staking indeterminate tomato plants can result in earlier fruit maturity and larger fruit. This guide illustrates pruning and staking methods practiced in Taiwan and other countries.
Pruning (removal of side shoots and lower shoots) diverts nutrients to flower clusters and fruits on the main stem, and allows more efficient air circulation.
Tomatoes grow best in temperatures 20–27°C. Fruit setting is poor when average temperatures exceed 30°C or fall below 10°C. Tomatoes prefer welldrained soil because they are sensitive to waterlogging. Optimum soil pH is 6.0–7.0.
The farm value of all mushroom (Agaricus and others) sales during the 2010/11 crop year (July-June) reached a new high of $1 billion, up 8 percent from a year earlier. Partly reflecting modest gains in the economy, mushroom sales volume rose 9 percent to 862 million pounds, the second highest level on record. In line with higher output, per capita disappearance (use) of all mushrooms grew 8 percent to 3.82 pounds in 2010/11.
Foliar diseases are major obstacles to successful commercial and home tomato production in Alabama. Both commercial producers and home gardeners must control this group of diseases to produce good yields and top quality fruit.