Rice Fortification in Developing Countries: A Critical Review of the Technical and Economic Feasibility
The USAID Micronutrient and Child Blindness Project collaborated with the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) to conduct an assessment of rice fortification in China, Costa Rica, the Philippines, and the United States. These countries illustrate various contexts for rice fortification including high versus low per capita rice consumption, net exporter versus net importer of rice, mandatory versus voluntary fortification, and national scale versus limited fortification. Two-person teams (an agricultural economist and a food technologist) visited the study countries in 2007 and met with industry and government representatives and other stakeholders. The objectives of the assessment were to:
• establish a baseline of rice fortification practices, industrial requirements, and the needed
investment and recurrent costs for rice manufacturers; and
• assess the technical and economical feasibility and the implications of the introduction of
rice fortification in developing countries.