Beans: Snap, Dry and Lima - 2010 Ohio Vegetable Production Guide
Snap beans also are known as green beans and include wax (yellow), podded and pole beans. Most commercial beans in Ohio are produced on bush-type plants. Pods are flat, oval or round, depending on variety. Pole beans are grown in hills around a pole or on a trellis. Good commercial yields for fresh market are 150+ bu/A.
Beans thrive on well-drained loam-type soils. They do not grow well on wet soils. Planting should begin only when soil temperatures have reached 55-60°F, unless planting for an early market. Optimum seed germination temperatures occur at 70°F and higher.
Irrigation is necessary at the time of bloom in order to ensure maximum pod set under dry soil conditions. Temperatures above 90°F or below 50°F cause poor pod set.
Good commercial yields are 200+ bu/A for fresh market and 4 ton/A for processing.
The most popular types are the pea beans and the light red kidney types. It is important to obtain western-grown, certified disease-free seed, because seedborne diseases such as “halo blight” and anthracnose commonly are introduced on infested seedlots. A good yield is 2,200 lb/A.
Lima beans are of minor importance in Ohio. However, there now is increased interest for roadside stands. Limas grow best in coastal regions of the United States. Seed germination is poor in cool soils (below 60°F). A good yield of shelled beans is 3,000 lb/A.