The Effectiveness of Grafting Method on Growth, Fruit Quality and Yield of Tomato

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This experiment was conducted under net house conditions at the Eastern Experimental Station of the Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, during the summer seasons of 2015 and 2016 to investigate the effect of tongue approach and cleft grafting methods on growth parameters, fruit quality and yield of tomato cv. Elbash1077 F , used as a scion or rootstock. A randomized complete block design with 3 replicates was 1 adopted. The results indicated that no significant differences were recorded between tongue approach grafting and the control on tomato plant height and number of leaves per plant in both seasons as well as number of branches and fruit length in the first season and fruit weight in the second one, while cleft grafting gave the significant reductions for these parameters. On the other hand, no significant differences were recorded between the two grafting methods and the control on fruit weight in the first season, fruit length and leaf SPAD readings in the second season and dry weight of leaves, leaf area, fruit diameter, early yield as well as TSS, total sugars and Ca concentration in the fruits in both seasons. Total yield and K concentration in tomato fruits were significantly higher in the control than both of the two grafting methods in both seasons. It is concluded that tongue approach method was better than cleft method for growth and yield of tomato when grafting needed

A. Abdel-Wahab
American-Eurasian Journal for Agricultural & Environmental Science