Jordan - Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards
Jordan has been a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) since 2000. The accession to membership coincided with structural reforms, economic and legislative, designed to match international standards and requirements. As a result, the current food control regime in Jordan falls under two laws: The Agriculture Law No. 44 of 2002 and Jordanian Food Control Law No. 32 of 2003. These laws were adopted at the Aqaba Special Economic Customs Center in May 2002 and at Amman Customs Center in January 2004.
Inspection criteria are codified into a computerized system. This system has been applied at all border centers should the infrastructure for these centers is completed. A border committee comprised of representatives from the following agencies inspects imported agricultural and food products:
- The Jordan Food and Drug Administration (JFDA: www.jfda.jo),
- Ministry of Agriculture (MoA: www.moa.gov.jo),
- Customs department (JCD:www.customs.gov.jo).
The Jordan Institute for Standards and Metrology (JISM www.jism.gov.jo), has recently confined its role on food by only regulation and standards leaving testing and decision process to JFDA. Food products are classified in three tiers according to the associated health risk. The criteria and the levels of inspection are based on three categories: high, medium and low risk.
- High-risk products 80 – 100 percent inspection
- Medium risk products 25 – 50 percent inspection
- Low risk products 5 – 10 percent inspection