Water Management for Citrus Orchards
Water is the basic component of plant cell tissue. It is water, above all, which controls the growth and development of citrus trees. Most of the water absorbed by the plant comes from the soil. Nutrients present in the soil are dissolved in water, taken up by the tree, and supplied to all parts of plant through translocation.
Water is needed by the plant for transpiration. An adequate water supply during the growth stage has a significant influence on plant development, fruit quality and yield.
In most citrus-growing areas, rainfall is unevenly distributed at different parts of the year, with marked dry and wet seasons. To stabilize fruit production and quality, it is necessary to supply adequate irrigation in the dry season, and proper drainage during the wet season. It is important to provide the right amount of water at different growth stages, to enhance the growth of citrus trees