Imports of fresh berries into the European market from developing countries have doubled over the past five years. Berries are increasingly offered as a convenient and healthy snack, seducing shoppers into buying them. Although many berries are grown in Europe itself, demand is much higher than European production and imports from developing countries are filling in the gap.
The market for organic food products in the Netherlands is growing; however, supply shortages are hampering the grow th of the market. The Republic of South Africa (RSA) has the advantage of being able to produce organic food products during the European winter seas on, as it is located in the southern hemisphere. Sourcing organic products from the RSA could therefore amelio- rate the current shortness of supply.
Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook, which is presented in a newsletter format four times a year, provides current intelligence and forecasts the effects of changing conditions in the U.S. fruit and tree nuts sector. Topics include production, consumption, shipments, trade, prices received, and more.
The latest recommendations for disease, insect, and weed pest management for cranberry crops.
Controlling a pest – be it a weed, an insect, or a disease – is only part of total pest management program. Pest control is a corrective measure; you use pesticides or some other control method to reduce a damaging (or potentially damaging) pest population. Pest management, however, includes preventive measures as well.
Mechanically pretreated (cut) and osmotically dehydrated cranberries (Vaccinium macrocarpon) were dried using microwaves (MW) under subatmospheric pressure. Two MW modes were tested (continuous and pulsed), two combinations of pulsed MW mode (30 sec on/30 sec off, 30 sec on/45 sec off) and three MW power levels (1.00, 1.25 and 1.50 W g-1 of initial sample mass). Three vacuum levels were compared one to another (3.4, 18.6 and 33.8 kPa of absolute pressure).