Precipitation in Pennsylvania averages about 37 inches each year. About 13 inches of this precipitation runs off land into streams, while 24 inches infiltrates into the soil, where it can be used by crops. The 24 inches of precipitation usually is sufficient for growing many agronomic and some horticultural crops. However, irrigation often is necessary because of the uneven distribution of precipitation throughout the year, especially during critical growth periods.
Fruits and vegetables begin to deteriorate after they are harvested and separated from their growing environment. The rate of deterioration defines how long they will be acceptable for consumption. This is known as “shelf life.” To preserve the quality of fruits and vegetables and maximize profits for growers, it is critical to control the temperature of fresh produce and minimize the amount of time that products are exposed to detrimental temperatures.
Many different insects attack leguminous vegetables. Aphids damage terminals, whiteflies feed on sap and transmit bean golden mosaic virus, and caterpillars, like bean leafroller, and beetles feed on leaves. Flower thrips feed in blossoms and stink bugs, corn earworm, and leaffooted bugs damage seeds and pods.
The farm value of all mushroom (Agaricus and others) sales during the 2010/11 crop year (July-June) reached a new high of $1 billion, up 8 percent from a year earlier. Partly reflecting modest gains in the economy, mushroom sales volume rose 9 percent to 862 million pounds, the second highest level on record. In line with higher output, per capita disappearance (use) of all mushrooms grew 8 percent to 3.82 pounds in 2010/11.
The Alabama Pest Management Handbook—Volume II contains recommendations for houses, buildings, and grounds; commercial trees and ornamental crops; commercial horticultural crops; and homeowner lawns and ornamental and garden crops.
Reflecting tight supplies, May shipments of fresh-market potatoes declined 9 percent from a year earlier—the first time since at least 1980 that May fresh shipments were less than 8 million hundredweight (cwt). In April and May, the monthly average price received by growers for all types of potatoes topped $11 per cwt. The last time the allpotato price hit double digits was in the summer of 2008. At $15.61 per cwt, the average U.S.
The aim of this study was to assess growth, net assimilation rate, biomass production and pod yield in two snap bean cultivars sown in monoculture and combined with two sunflower cultivars at three localities in the State of Mexico, Mexico. The six treatments were evaluated in a 2 × 3 factorial experiment in a randomized complete block design with four replications.
In 2010, per capita disappearance (net domestic use) of all vegetables, melons, potatoes, sweet potatoes, pulse crops, and mushrooms rose slightly to 420 pounds. Increased domestic disappearance of fresh-market vegetables and melons, dry edible beans, and sweet potatoes outweighed reduced use of processing vegetables and potatoes. Record high watermelon supply and disappearance led to a 1-percent gain in per capita melon use.