Producción Orgánica de Frutas y Hortalizas, Control de Insectos y Enfermedades

The Organic Market in Europe

  Globally, the organic market reached 54.9 billion US dollars in 2009. A large part of the turnover was in Europe (48 percent) and in North America (48.1 percent). Since 1999 (15.2 billion US dollars), the global market for organic products more than trebled (Sahota 2011). In Europe, the...
Lukas Kilcher
Helga Willer
Beate Huber
Claudia Frieden
Res Schmutz
Otto Schmid
Swiss Import Promotion Programme (SIPPO)

The Impact of Intercropping Squash with Non-Crop Vegetation Borders on the Above-Ground Arthropod Community

  The influence of intercropping strips of non-crop vegetation on the above-ground arthropod community was assessed, including natural enemy populations and interference with pest colonization in an adjacent yellow squash crop (Cucurbita pepo L.). Four non-crop border treatments were evaluated...
Heidi N. HansPetersen
Robert McSorley
Oscar E. Liburd
Florida Entomologist

Biological control of clubroot on cauliflower with Trichoderma and Streptomyces spp.

  The effectiveness of Trichoderma and Streptomyces spp. in suppressing clubroot of brassicas, which is caused by Plasmodiophora brassicae, was tested on cauliflower seedlings in glasshouse and field crops. The glasshouse experiment showed that of fifteen isolates of Trichoderma spp. and one...
L.H. Cheah
S. Veerakone
G. Kent
New Zealand Plant Protection

Cultivo Orgánico de Berries Arbustivos

  El presente folleto contiene información técnica para lograr una producción orgánica de muy buena calidad de frambuesas, moras, zarzaparrillas, grosellas y arandanos. Contenido: Planificación de un huerto Diseño de la plantación...
Ivan Marchant
Emilio Merino
Alejandro Jiménez
Paulo Escibar
Cristián Valdivieso
Lukas Kilcher
Fundación para la lnnovación Agraria (FIA), Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau (FiBL), Agrupación de Agricultura Orgánica de Chile (AAOCh)

Rotenone material fact sheet

  Rotenone is a pesticidal compound found in several subtropical leguminous shrubs of the genera Derris, Lonchocarpus, and Tephrosia. Considered nonsynthetic, allowed. Preventive, cultural, mechanical and physical methods must be first choice for pest control, and conditions for use of a...
Brian Caldwell
Emily Brown Rosen
Eric Sideman
Anthony M. Shelton
Christine D. Smart
Cornell Cooperative Extension Publication

Agricultura orgánica: Principios y prácticas de producción

  Si los motives iniciales de las comunidades rurales para cultivar orgánicamente fueron la falta de acceso a fertilizantes o plaguicidas, además del conocimiento tradicional y las prácticas ancestrales traspasadas de generación en generación, hoy los...
Maria Cecilia Cespedes L.
INIA Chile

Insecticidal Properties of Piper nigrum Linnaeus Fruit Extracts and Essential Oils against Spodoptera litura

Chemical analysis by GC and GC-MS revealed presence of 39 compounds in the essential oil fraction of Piper nigrum fresh fruits. Limonene was the major compound present with 35.06% of total oil followed by beta-pinene (12.95%) and linalool (9.55%). Insecticidal properties of Piper nigrum fruit...
Loh Siew Fan
Rita Muhamad
Dzolkhifli Omar
Mawardi Rahmani
International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, Pakistan

Pyrethrum material fact sheet

Pyrethrum is the generic name given to a plant based insecticide derived from the powdered, dried flower heads of the pyrethrum daisy, chiefly Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium, but also in C. coccineum and C. marshalli. Pyrethrins are the six constituent compounds with insecticidal properties that...
Brian Caldwell
Emily Brown Rosen
Eric Sideman
Anthony M. Shelton
Christine D. Smart
Cornell University

Efectividad de extractos botánicos de diez plantas sobre la mortalidad y repelencia de larvas de Rhynchophorus palmarum L., insecto plaga del pijuayo Bactris gasipaes kunth en la amazonía del Perú

La resistencia de las plagas a los insecticidas químicos se ha incrementado en los últimos años, motivo por el que se buscan métodos alternativos, como extractos de plantas con actividad larvicida. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue evaluar el efecto sobre la...
Diana Perez D.
José Iannacone O.
Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research

Oils material fact sheet

Certain fractions of petroleum oils (narrow range oils) are considered synthetic and allowed for insect, mite, and disease control. “Narrow-range oils” are highly refined petroleum oils with a median boiling point from 415-440 °F under controlled vacuum conditions. They are allowed...
Brian Caldwell
Emily Brown Rosen
Eric Sideman
Anthony M. Shelton
Christine D. Smart
Cornell University