Fresh Produce - Fresh-cut, Postharvest, Food Safety

Toxicity of ozone gas to conidia of Penicillium digitatum, Penicillium italicum, and Botrytis cinerea and control of gray mold on table grapes

    Penicillium digitatum, Penicillium italicum, and Botrytis cinerea attack fresh fruit and cause significant postharvest decay losses. The toxicity of ozone (O3) gas at different relative humidities to control their conidia was determined. Conidia distributed on cover glasses were...
Ragip Ozkan
Joseph L. Smilanick
Ozgur Akgun Karabulut
Postharvest Biology and Technology

Application of casein-lipid edible film emulsions to reduce white blush on minimally processed carrots

    White blush on the surface of peeled carrots is a major cosmetic disadvantage in marketing this lightly processed, ready-to-eat product. The loss of quality is exacerbated by surface dehydration. To maintain good appearance, edible coatings consisting of emulsions incorporating...
Roberto J. Avena-Bustillos
Luis A. Cisneros-Zevallos
John M. Krochta
Mikal E. Saltveit, Jr.
Postharvest Biology and Technology

Guatemala - Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards

Guatemalan food laws comprise a series of government and ministerial decrees that establish frameworks and regulations to protect human health. As a rule of thumb, fresh, refrigerated, or frozen food products that have not been processed are under the authority of the Ministry of Agriculture,...
Karla Tay
USDA GAIN

Chile - Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards

Chile actively participates in the World Trade Organization and the CODEX Alimentarius Commission. Because Chile is concerned that unscientific technical trade barriers may adversely affect its exports, the government supports the standardization of sanitary and phytosanitary trading regulations....
Nelson Ramirez
USDA GAIN

Pakistan - Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards

Pakistan’s food imports are generally regulated by the federal government and food standards are regulated by the provincial governments. Pakistan does not have an integrated legal framework but has a set of laws, which deals with various aspects of food safety. Food standards were...
Asmat Raza
USDA GAIN

New Zealand - Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards

In New Zealand, they key legislation governing food regulation is the Food Act 1981 (as amended). The Food Act defines relevant terms, such as, food and sale; outlines prohibitions on sale (including unfit food); prohibits misleading labeling and advertising; provides powers of enforcement and...
Vinita Sharma
USDA GAIN

Reduced-risk fungicides help manage brown rot and other fungal diseases of stone fruit

    New reduced-risk fungicides are highly effective in managing both pre- and postharvest diseases of stone fruit crops in California, and they have replaced most previously registered materials. These fungicides have a low impact on the environment, high specificity to target organisms...
James E. Adaskaveg
Helga Förster
W. Doug Gubler
Beth L. Teviotdale
David F. Thompson
California Agriculture

Pre- and Postharvest Treatments to Control Green Mold of Citrus Fruit During Ethylene Degreening

    Two approaches, fungicide applications to trees before harvest and drenching fruit after harvest, were evaluated to minimize postharvest green mold, caused by Penicillium digitatum, particularly among fruit subjected to ethylene gas after harvest, a practice termed “degreening...
J.L. Smilanick
M.F. Mansour
D. Sorenson
Plant Disease

Effect of pre- and postharvest application of 1-methylcyclopropene on the maturation of yellow pitahaya (Selenicerus megalanthus Haw)

The effect of pre- and postharvest applications of 200 and 400 μgL-1 aqueous solutions of 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) on yellow pitahaya (maturity stage 3) was assessed. Changes in respiratory rate, color, firmness, soluble solids content, titratable acidity, maturity index, weight loss and...
Liliana Serna C.
Laura S. Torres V.
Alfredo A. Ayala A.
Universidad de Antioquia

Canada - Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards

Since April 1997, all federally mandated food inspection and quarantine services for domestic and imported foods were consolidated into the CFIA. As a result, food inspection and quarantine services previously provided by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Health Canada, Industry Canada and the...
Darlene Dessureault
Robin Gray
Mihai Lupescu
USDA GAIN