Fresh Produce - Fresh-cut, Postharvest, Food Safety

Portugal - Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards

As a member of the European Union, the Government of Portugal applies EU regulations and legislation, where available, regarding the importation of food, feed, feed ingredients and beverages. Food laws of individual member states have mostly been fully harmonized into EU law. However, it is...
Diogo Machado Mendes

Sweden - Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards

Responsibility for the safety of food and agricultural products in Sweden is shared between three Swedish authorities: the Swedish Board of Agriculture, the National Food Agency (NFA) and, to a lesser degree, the Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management. The NFA is the central supervisory...
Asa Wideback

Postharvest Handling of Pistachio Nuts on a Small Scale

The final quality of pistachio nuts depends on time of harvest and proper management postharvest handling procedure. This leaflet is aimed at briefly discussing the various steps involved in harvesting, hulling, drying, roasting, salting, and storage of pistachio nuts on a small scale.
Adel A. Kader
Joseph Maranto
University of California Cooperative Extension

Control of Brown Rot of Stone Fruits by Brief Heated Water Immersion Treatments

  The effectiveness of brief (30 or 60 s) immersion in water at 24, 50, 55, 60, 65, or 70 °C was evaluated for the control of brown rot, caused by Monilinia fructicola, on California-grown peaches, nectarines, and plums. Inoculated fruits were treated and either stored at 20 °C for 5...
Ozgur Akgun Karabulut
Joseph L. Smilanick
Carlos H. Crisosto
Lluís Palou
Crop Protection

Efficacy and Application Strategies for Propiconazole as a New Postharvest Fungicide for Managing Sour Rot and Green Mold of Citrus Fruit

  Few postharvest treatments are available for managing sour rot of citrus caused by Galactomyces citri-aurantii and they are generally not very effective. The demethylation-inhibiting (DMI) triazole fungicides propiconazole and cyproconazole were found to be highly effective and more...
A. H. McKay
H. Förster
J. E. Adaskaveg
Plant Disease

El Salvador - Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards

El Salvador does not have a specific food law that applies to imported foodstuffs. Instead, the Salvadoran Health Code is the most widely used instrument to enforce local food safety. The Ministry of Public Health and Social Assistance (MPHSA) is in charge of all registrations and authorizations...
Miguel Herrera

Belize - Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards

  In Belize, there are several government agencies involved with food-laws. The Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MAF) ( has the legal responsibility of food safety and quarantine. The Ministry of Economic Development, Commerce, Industry and Consumer...
Edith Vasquez

Ukraine - Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards

Ukraine possesses a complicated and costly food safety system inherited from the Soviet Union. Controls are implemented by various state agencies that often have overlapping functions. In late 2010 the Government of Ukraine (GOU) started a major reform of the regulatory system aimed at reducing...
FAS Kyiv Staff

Michigan's Safe Food Risk Assessment

For small, direct-market fruit and vegetable producers Regardless of the size of your farming operation, the use of Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) is highly recommended to reduce the risk of foodborne illness. Using good production, harvest and post-harvest management practices that keep...
Michigan State University Extension
Michigan State University Extension

Harvesting and Postharvest Handling of Dates

  Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is thought to have originated in Mesopotamia (what is now Iraq) and its cultivation spread to the Arabian Peninsula, North Africa, and the Middle Eastern Countries in ancient times (about 5000 years ago). In 2006, world production of dates was about 7...
Adel A. Kader
Awad M. Hussein
International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)