Fresh Produce - Fresh-cut, Postharvest, Food Safety

Impact of Postharvest Hot Water or Ethanol Treatment of Table Grapes on Gray Mold Incidence, Quality, and Ethanol Content

  The influence of brief immersion of grape berries in water or ethanol at ambient or higher temperatures on the postharvest incidence of gray mold (caused by Botrytis cinerea) was evaluated. The incidence of gray mold among grape berries that were untreated, or immersed for 1 min in ethanol (...
F. Mlikota Gabler
J.L. Smilanick
J.M. Ghosoph
D.A. Margosan
Plant Disease

Natural and Synthetic Tyrosinase Inhibitors as Antibrowning Agents: An Update

Tyrosinase (EC 1.14.18.1), a copper-containing enzyme, can cause enzymatic browning in raw fruits, vegetables, and beverages. Browning is an undesirable reaction that is responsible for less attractive appearance and loss in nutritional quality. These phenomena have encouraged researchers to seek...
M. R. Loizzo
R. Tundis
F. Menichini
Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety

Costa Rica - Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards

  The Costa Rican legislation dealing with food and agricultural imports has not undergone significant change over the last 15 years. However, the process of consolidation of a Central American Customs Union has resulted in changes in some regulations such as the harmonization of registration...
Victor Gonzalez
USDA GAIN

Russian Federation - Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards

This report is an overview of general legal and technical requirements for food and agricultural imports imposed by the Russian Federation. Despite Russia’s ongoing preparation for WTO accession, agencies’ control over imported foodstuffs remains complicated and bureaucratic. While the...
USDA FAS Staff
USDA GAIN

Clasificación internacional de la almendra del marañón

Las almendras de marañón son clasificadas de acuerdo al tamaño, color e integridad. En el mercado de Estados Unidos existen alrededor de 22 grados y las especificaciones de cado grado fueron creados bajo lo orientación del "Cashew Export Promotion Council". La...
Laura V. Arango Wiesner
Corpoica, Colombia

Manejo Poscosecha de Plátano

El manejo poscosecha de plátano es importante debido a que las perdidas pueden llegar a 100% del cultivo por problemas de daño mecánico, pudrición y maduración prematura. Con el manejo correcto y condiciones de transporte y almacenamiento adecuadas, se puede...
USAID-RED
USAID

Toxicity of ozone gas to conidia of Penicillium digitatum, Penicillium italicum, and Botrytis cinerea and control of gray mold on table grapes

    Penicillium digitatum, Penicillium italicum, and Botrytis cinerea attack fresh fruit and cause significant postharvest decay losses. The toxicity of ozone (O3) gas at different relative humidities to control their conidia was determined. Conidia distributed on cover glasses were...
Ragip Ozkan
Joseph L. Smilanick
Ozgur Akgun Karabulut
Postharvest Biology and Technology

Application of casein-lipid edible film emulsions to reduce white blush on minimally processed carrots

    White blush on the surface of peeled carrots is a major cosmetic disadvantage in marketing this lightly processed, ready-to-eat product. The loss of quality is exacerbated by surface dehydration. To maintain good appearance, edible coatings consisting of emulsions incorporating...
Roberto J. Avena-Bustillos
Luis A. Cisneros-Zevallos
John M. Krochta
Mikal E. Saltveit, Jr.
Postharvest Biology and Technology

Guatemala - Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards

Guatemalan food laws comprise a series of government and ministerial decrees that establish frameworks and regulations to protect human health. As a rule of thumb, fresh, refrigerated, or frozen food products that have not been processed are under the authority of the Ministry of Agriculture,...
Karla Tay
USDA GAIN

Chile - Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards

Chile actively participates in the World Trade Organization and the CODEX Alimentarius Commission. Because Chile is concerned that unscientific technical trade barriers may adversely affect its exports, the government supports the standardization of sanitary and phytosanitary trading regulations....
Nelson Ramirez
USDA GAIN