Agricultural Pest Control, Integrated Pest Management (IPM), Organic Pest Control

Controlled atmosphere treatment for control of grape mealybug, Pseudococcus maritimus (Ehrhorn) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), on harvested table grapes

  Controlled atmosphere (CA) treatments with ultralow oxygen (ULO) alone and in combinations with 50% carbon dioxide were studied to control grape mealybug, Pseudococcus maritimus (Ehrhorn) on harvested table grapes. Two ultralow oxygen levels, 30 and <0.01 µL L−1, were tested...
Yong-Biao Liu
Postharvest Biology and Technology

Rearing and Release of Aphelinus mali (Hald) (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae), the Sole Parasitoid of Woolly Apple Eriosoma lanigerum (Hausmann) (Homoptera: Eriosomatidae) on Apple orchards in Ash-Shoubak

  Aphelinus mali (Hald) (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) is the sole parasitoid of woolly apple aphid (WAA), Eriosoma lanigerum (Hausmann) (Homoptera: Eriosomatidae). Five ratios of parasitoid to aphid colonies were tested to determine the suitable amount of the parasitoid that gives the highest...
Mazen Ateyyat
Marwan Al-Awamleh
Hassan El-Osofi
Academic Journal of Entomology

Update on diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella) insecticide resistance and the vegetable brassica insecticide management strategy

The susceptibility of field populations of diamondback moth (DBM), Plutella xylostella, to lambda-cyhalothrin, methamidophos, spinosad and indoxacarb collected from the four major brassica-growing regions has been assessed approximately every 2 years from 1997 to 2008. Recent results indicate that...
G.P. Walker
S.I. Davis
F.H. MacDonald
T.J.B. Herman
New Zealand Plant Protection

Control of passionvine hopper and cicada eggs on kiwifruit canes with bifenthrin and a new superpenetrant adjuvant

A novel option for control of passionvine hopper (PVH, Scolypopa australis) and chorus cicada (Amphipsalta zelandica) on kiwifruit was investigated. This involved applying an insecticide to PVH and cicada egg sites in the dormant kiwifruit canopy, using a new type of adjuvant that allows sprays to...
R.E. Gaskin
D.P. Logan
W. May
C.A. Rowe
K.D. Steele
R.M. van Leeuwen
P.G. Connolly
New Zealand Plant Protection Society

Nematodes and Their Management

Plant parasitic nematodes are microscopic roundworms which live in the soil and attack the roots of plants. Crop production problems induced by nematodes therefore generally occur as a result of root dysfunction, reducing rooting volume and foraging and utilization efficiency of water and...
J.W. Noling
University of Florida, IFAS Extension

Commercial Apple: Insect, Disease, and Weed Control

The guide contains the latest recommendations for insecticides, fungicides, nematicides, and herbicides for commercial apple production. The guide is a collaborative effort by Extension specialists and researchers from land grant institutions in the southeastern United States.
Robert Boozer
Edward J. Sikora
Alabama Cooperative Extension System

Insecticidal Activity of Tagetes erecta Extracts on Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

The bioinsecticidal activity of organic extracts of Tagetes erecta L. (Asteraceae) was evaluated on neonate larvae of Spodoptera frugiperda J. E. Smith (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) a major maize pest in the world. The acetone leaf extract (500 ppm) of T. erecta induced an antifeedant effect, causing a...
David Osvaldo Salinas-Sánchez
Lucila Aldana-Llanos
Ma. Elena Valdés-Estrada
Mirna Gutiérrez-Ochoa
Guadalupe Valladares-Cisneros
Evelyn Rodríguez-Flores
Florida Entomologist

Insect Management on Organic Farms

Insect management presents a challenge to organic farmers. Insects are highly mobile and well adapted to farm production systems and pest control tactics. On organic farms, where the focus is on managing insects rather than eliminating them, success depends on learning about three kinds of...
H. M. Linker
D. B. Orr
M. E. Barbercheck
North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service

Comparison of toxicity and selectivity of the pest Bactericera cockerelli and its predator Chrysoperla carnea

Chemical and biological control in sustainable management requires understanding the risks, selectivity and conditions of use for insecticides, in order to maximize their compatibility. Therefore, the tolerance of Chrysoperla carnea and Bactericera cockerelli to field concentrations of 18, 180,...
Ernesto Cerna
Carlos Ail
Jerónimo Landeros
Sergio Sánchez
Mohammad Badii
Luis Aguirre
Yisa Ochoa

Comparación de la toxicidad y selectividad de insecticidas para la plaga Bactericera cockerelli y su depredador Chrysoperla carnea

El control químico y biológico en el manejo sostenible requiere conocer los riesgos, selectividad y condiciones de uso de los insecticidas, para maximizar su compatibilidad. Por tanto, se comparó la tolerancia de Chrysoperla carnea y Bactericera cockerelli a la concentraci...
Ernesto Cerna
Carlos Ail
Jerónimo Landeros
Sergio Sánchez
Mohammad Badii
Luis Aguirre
Yisa Ochoa