Sustainable Agriculture

Small-Scale Production of Filtered Coconut Oil in Support of the Plant Oil Stove in the Philippines

  A complete package of technology and equipment was developed, evaluated, and pilot tested for sustainable small-scale production of filtered coconut oil to support the promotion of the plant oil stove — an environment-friendly stove that uses all types of plant oil as fuel. The...
Roberto C. Guarte
The University of Queensland

Conservation Tillage on Organic Farms

Two-hundred years of tillage have taken their toll on America’s farm soils. The moldboard plow, extensive tillage, and other soil management practices have promoted wind and water erosion, costly nutrient losses from farm fields due to runoff and leaching, and a serious depletion of soil...
Keith R. Baldwin
CEFS NC State University

Manageable agronomic practices in organic production of cowpea (Vigna unguidulata [L. Walp] in a mixed culture with sorghum

  A three year (2002, 2003 and 2004) field experiment was conducted with the main objective of achieving optimum cowpea grain yield without starter mineral nitrogen and inorganic pesticides. Three spatial arrangements were tested against three weeding frequency. The experiment was a factorial...
Vincent A. Tenebe
Abiona M. Petu-Ibikunle
eSci Journal Crop Production

Toolkit: Reducing the Food Wastage Footprint

  One-third of all food produced in the world is lost or wasted from farm to fork, according to estimates calculated by FAO (2011). This wastage not only has an enormous negative impact on the global economy and food availability, it also has major environmental impacts. The direct economic...
Nadia El-Hage Scialabba
Mathilde Iweins
Gaia Pisani
FAO

Huerta Agroecológica de Autosustento

Se entiende por agroecológico a todo sistema de producción sustentable en el tiempo, que mediante el manejo racional de los recursos naturales, contemplando la diversidad biológica y sin la utilización de productos de síntesis química, brinde alimentos...
Juan Rubén Tannfeld
INTA Argentina

Vegetable Growers' Handbook Chapter IV: Cultural Practices

Sustainable vegetable farming is a relatively high risk, high cost per acre business requiring intensive management. Successful vegetable growers manage capital, and marketing competently. Growers design and implement systems of culture which include crop and variety selection, crop rotation, soil...
Frank J. Dainello
Roland Roberts
Texas AgriLife Extension Service

Compost Utilization for Erosion Control

What Is Compost? Composting is the controlled biological process of decomposition and recycling of organic material into a humus rich soil amendment known as compost. Mixed organic materials (Example: manure, yard trimmings, food waste, biosolids) must go through a controlled heat process before...
Mark Risse
Britt Faucette
University of Georgia

Shading screens for the improvement of the night time climate of unheated greenhouses

The objective of this work was to study the effect of shading screens, normally used during the day for cooling purposes, on the night-time climate of unheated greenhouses. For this purpose, first a number of experimental measurements were taken during cold nights to characterise the greenhouse...
J. I. Montero
P. Muñoz
M. C. Sánchez-Guerrero
E. Medrano
D. Piscia
P. Lorenzo
Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research

Residue Management and Cultural Practices

High crop residue levels translate directly into soil conservation benefits. Most experts believe the most effective conservation tillage practices leave at least 30 percent residue after planting. Residue burial or removal for biomass harvest should be tempered with conservation benefits. When...
Mahdi Al-Kaisi
Mark Hanna
Iowa State University Extension

No-tillage and high-residue practices reduce soil water evaporation

Reducing tillage and maintaining crop residues on the soil surface could improve the water use efficiency of California crop production. In two field studies comparing no-tillage with standard tillage operations (following wheat silage harvest and before corn seeding), we estimated that 0.89 and 0...
Jeffrey P. Mitchell
Purnendu N. Singh
Wesley W. Wallender
Daniel S. Munk
Jon F. Wroble
William R. Horwath
Philip Hogan
Robert Roy
Blaine R. Hanson
California Agriculture