United States of America
Relative to total sales, blueberries are the number one fruit commodity in the state of Georgia, surpassing even peaches. Recently, a new disease has been identified in the Georgia blueberry production region. This disease has been named “bacterial leaf scorch,” and it is caused by the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa.
Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.], a legume native to East Asia contains up to 40% protein and 20% oil. Edamame, a popular vegetable soybean in East Asia, especially China and Japan, harvested at reproductive stages six and seven (R6 or R7) is gaining popularity in the US. Increased awareness of its nutritional quality through promotional campaigns and changing population demographics in the US have led to recent raise in US market demand for edamame. To meet the increasing market demand, frozen edamame from China and Taiwan has been imported.
Tomatoes lend themselves well to small-scale and part-time farming operations. Many marketing opportunities are available for small-scale growers with multiple fruit colors (red, yellow, orange, and purple) and heirloom varieties, making it easier for growers to find niche markets.
Package labels for foods and dietary supplements must conform with Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations. This review provides guidance for the content and format of labels, including for the Nutrient Facts panel and Supplement Facts panel, and for drafting structure/function claims, health claims, and nutrient content claims. Also provided is guidance on how to refrain from drafting disease claims. Inappropriate disease claims on a food or dietary supplement compels FDA to review the product as a drug.
Blueberries require irrigation from early April (eastern Oregon and Washington) or early May (western Oregon) to the end of September. In the Willamette Valley, a field of blueberries use anywhere from 0.5 to 2 inches of water per week (from rain or irrigation). One inch of water equals 27,000 gallons per acre. Therefore, a 10-acre field of blueberries requires 270,387 gallons of water for each acre-inch of water.
Peaches may be grown in many temperate areas of the United States. The startup costs for peaches can be high depending on the production method chosen, land preparation, and initial investment in the trees. However, the life of the orchard is expected to be at least 20 years, so this investment may be spread over a longer period of time than many crops.
Symptoms of the disease can be mistaken by nutritional problems since they manifest as a yellowing or browning of leaves. However, if the abaxial side of the leaf is inspected, profuse, dark sporulation will be covering the surface of infected leaves. Usually, the sporulation is obvious enough that it can be seen without a microscope or hand lens, however, when you take a closer look at the sporulation on the leaf with a hand lens or dissecting microscope, you will be able to see the typical sporangiophore structures bearing sporangia found in downy mildew pathogens