United States of America
The southeastern peach industry is known for the high quality of its fresh peaches. As a new peach season approaches, it is time to ready the packinghouse for output of the best peach product. Several areas in the packing facility should be considered.
List of Contents:
- Packing Line
- Cold Room
- Food Safety
When it comes to growing commercial broccoli, cabbage, and cauliflower, crop rotation, tillage, and a sound herbicide program are all often critical components for long-term success. This circular focuses on developing sound herbicide programs for cole crops while minimizing crop injury for the following production systems: 1) transplanting into mulch, 2) transplanting into bare ground, and 3) seeding into bare ground.
Black knot (Apiosporina morbosa), is a striking disease and a major disease of plum trees in Michigan. Black knot appears on the woody parts of the tree including twigs, limbs and sometimes the trunks. Black knot attacks plums, wild cherries and some ornamental cherries. Cultivated sweet and sour cherry trees are seldom attacked in Michigan. Black knot is found throughout Michigan in commercial and home orchards and in wild plum and cherry thickets.
Disease pictures and control methods are discussed.
Greenhouse growers are now receiving unrooted cuttings from suppliers as the spring season begins to ramp up. What are the best management practices when receiving unrooted cuttings? How do growers evaluate their quality and determine which ones should be stuck first?
Relative to total sales, blueberries are the number one fruit commodity in the state of Georgia, surpassing even peaches. Recently, a new disease has been identified in the Georgia blueberry production region. This disease has been named “bacterial leaf scorch,” and it is caused by the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa.
Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.], a legume native to East Asia contains up to 40% protein and 20% oil. Edamame, a popular vegetable soybean in East Asia, especially China and Japan, harvested at reproductive stages six and seven (R6 or R7) is gaining popularity in the US. Increased awareness of its nutritional quality through promotional campaigns and changing population demographics in the US have led to recent raise in US market demand for edamame. To meet the increasing market demand, frozen edamame from China and Taiwan has been imported.
Tomatoes lend themselves well to small-scale and part-time farming operations. Many marketing opportunities are available for small-scale growers with multiple fruit colors (red, yellow, orange, and purple) and heirloom varieties, making it easier for growers to find niche markets.
Package labels for foods and dietary supplements must conform with Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations. This review provides guidance for the content and format of labels, including for the Nutrient Facts panel and Supplement Facts panel, and for drafting structure/function claims, health claims, and nutrient content claims. Also provided is guidance on how to refrain from drafting disease claims. Inappropriate disease claims on a food or dietary supplement compels FDA to review the product as a drug.
Blueberries require irrigation from early April (eastern Oregon and Washington) or early May (western Oregon) to the end of September. In the Willamette Valley, a field of blueberries use anywhere from 0.5 to 2 inches of water per week (from rain or irrigation). One inch of water equals 27,000 gallons per acre. Therefore, a 10-acre field of blueberries requires 270,387 gallons of water for each acre-inch of water.
Peaches may be grown in many temperate areas of the United States. The startup costs for peaches can be high depending on the production method chosen, land preparation, and initial investment in the trees. However, the life of the orchard is expected to be at least 20 years, so this investment may be spread over a longer period of time than many crops.